The Carbon Footprint of Wine: What Consumers Need to Know

Oct. 4, 2023

Wine is a popular beverage enjoyed by people all over the world. However, the production and consumption of wine have implications.

It’s a no-brainer that greenhouse gas emissions are a major cause of climate change. As a sustainable wine company, it’s our goal to lead the way to lessen the impact across the industry. We know you have questions and we have answers. Here’s everything you need to know.

What is the carbon footprint of wine?

This is the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions produced throughout the winemaking process, from growing the grapes to bottling and shipping the wine. The main factors that contribute to it are:

  • Viticulture (grape growing): This includes the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and energy for irrigation and machinery.
  • Winemaking: This includes the use of energy for crushing, pressing, fermenting, and aging the wine.
  • Packaging and transportation: This includes the manufacture of glass bottles, corks, and labels, as well as the transportation of the wine from the winery to the consumer.

The carbon footprint of wine can vary depending on a number of factors, such as the type of wine, the production methods used, and the distance that the wine is transported. However, it is estimated that the average bottle of wine has a carbon footprint of around 2.5 kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).

What is the wine industry doing?

The wine industry is taking a number of steps to reduce its carbon footprint, including:

  • Investing in renewable energy. Many wineries are now using renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, to power their operations.
  • Reducing the use of pesticides and fertilizers. Many wineries are now using integrated pest management (IPM) techniques to reduce their reliance on pesticides and fertilizers.
  • Improving energy efficiency. Wineries are investing in new technologies and equipment to improve the energy efficiency of their operations.
  • Lighter bottles. Some wineries are now using lightweight bottles, which reduces the amount of energy required to manufacture and transport the bottles.
  • Using recycled materials in packaging. Some wineries are now using recycled materials in their packaging, such as recycled paper labels and recycled glass bottles.

What can consumers do to reduce their carbon footprint?

There are a number of things that consumers can do to reduce the carbon footprint of their wine consumption, including:

  • Choose wines that are produced using sustainable methods. This means choosing wines from wineries that use sustainable or organic farming practices, and that use renewable energy sources.
  • Buy wine in bulk. This will reduce the amount of packaging that is used.
  • Recycle wine bottles and corks. This will help to reduce the amount of waste that goes to landfill.


We know this is a complex issue — and individual action can lead to collective change. The wine industry is also taking steps to reduce its carbon footprint by investing in renewable energy, reducing the use of pesticides and fertilizers, improving energy efficiency, lightweight bottles, and using recycled materials in packaging. In addition, consumers can play a role in reducing the carbon footprint of their wine consumption by choosing wines that are produced locally, produced using sustainable methods, bought in bulk, and recycled. By working together, consumers and the wine industry can reduce the carbon footprint of wine and help to protect the environment.


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